More than 5,500 people who applied for permanent residence under the Immigration Act, which was repealed by Parliament effective June 28, 2002, have instituted proceedings in the Federal Court seeking to compel the Minister of Citizenship and Immigration to assess their applications under the criteria that was in place at the time they filed their applications. The applicants have challenged the retroactive application of the regulations under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, which came into force on June 28, 2002. The applicants/prospective class members were represented by Borden Ladner Gervais LLP, with a team that included Ronald Foerster, Adam Dodek and Benjamin Trister (immigration).