Markus Kremer is a partner in our Commercial Litigation Group in our Toronto office. Fluent in English, French and German, Markus practises in the areas of commercial litigation and public law, specializing in pension litigation, class actions, and constitutional and human rights law. Markus has particular experience providing advice to, and representing, pension plan administrators and actuaries, and in defending financial institutions from class actions. He also has experience enforcing foreign judgments and arbitral awards in Ontario. In the area of constitutional law, Markus has particular expertise with respect to difficult religious rights issues in the education system. In addition to representing parties in litigation, Markus is regularly retained by employers and administrators of single- and multi-employer pension plans with respect to plan administration issues, including the correction of payment errors and plan interpretation issues. Markus has appeared as counsel before all levels of Court in Ontario, and before the Supreme Court of Canada, the Federal Court and the Financial Services Tribunal.