Facing a plethora of potentially competing greenhouse gas regulations, Canadian businesses are experiencing greater uncertainty — 'a regulatory Wild West,' says Adam Chamberlain, a partner in the Toronto office of Borden Ladner Gervais LLP and head of the Firm’s national climate change group.

With the federal government’s outlined plans to regulate carbon emissions based on reductions by intensity, alongside a number of regional and provincial initiatives that have arisen recently, the area is littered with question marks. Companies, says Chamberlain, 'see this stuff coming, they hear the politicians talk, and the next question is, ‘What do we do about all of this?’ Even when Kyoto was first signed, we got questions: ‘What does this mean?’ The answers then were that it’s in the future. The difference now is that we think there will be answers to those questions in the coming years.'